20’ Dry Van

DescriptionImperialMetric
Maximum payload62390 lb28300 kg
Dimensions20′ x 8′ x 8’6″6058 x 2438 x 2591 mm
Volume1170 cu. ft33,2 cu. m
Door openings width7′ 8 1/8″2340 mm
Door openings height7′ 5 3/4″2280 mm
Internal length19′ 4 1/4″5898 mm
Internal width7′ 8 5/8″2352 mm
Internal height7′ 5 3/4″2393 mm
Weight gross67200 lb30480 kg
Weight tare4810 lb2180 kg

40’ High Cube

DescriptionImperialMetric
Maximum payload63250 lb28690 kg
Dimensions40′ x 8′ x 9’6″12192 x 2438 x 2896 mm
Volume2700 cu. ft76,4 cu. m
Door openings width7′ 8 1/8″2340 mm
Door openings height8’5 3/4″2585 mm
Internal length39′ 5 2/3″12032 mm
Internal, width7’8 5/8″2352 mm
Internal height8′ 10 1/4″2698 mm
Weight gross71650 lb32500 kg
Weight tare8400 lb3810 kg

 

40’ Dry Van

DescriptionImperialMetric
Maximum payload63650 lb28870 kg
Dimensions20’ x 8’ x 8’6″12192 x 2438 x 2591 mm
Volume2390 cu. ft67,7 cu. m
Door openings width7′ 8 1/8″2340 mm
Door openings height7′ 5 3/4″2280 mm
Internal length39′ 5 11/16″12032 mm
Internal, width7’8 – 5/8″2352 mm
Internal height7′ 10 3/16″2393 mm
Weight gross71650 lb32500 kg
Weight tare8000 lb3630 kg

45’ High Cube

DescriptionImperialMetric
Maximum payload60957 lb27650 kg
Dimensions45′ x 8′ x 9’6″13716 x 2438 x 2896 mm
Volume3040 cu. ft86 cu. m
Door openings width7′ 8 1/8″2340 mm
Door openings height8′ 5 3/4″2585 mm
Internal length44′ 5 11/16″13556 mm
Internal, width7′ 8 1/2″2352 mm
Internal, height8′ 10 1/8″2698 mm
Weight gross71650 lb32500 kg
Weight tare10692 lb4850 kg

 

Which are the most common shipping terms?

Air waybillconsignment note covering the carriage of goods by airfreight.
Alongside vesseldelivery of cargo on the wharf, berth or lighter under the ship’s tackle, for direct loading into the ship.
Berthat a quay or wharf, location where a ship is moored to unload/load cargo
Bill of lading (B/L)title of property of the goods, it is the authentic receipt delivered by carriers for the said goods shipped/to be shipped on a named vessel
BAFsurcharge calculated at a percentage of the basic ocean freight, to take into account the fluctuations of the price of fuel, adapted as needed
Certificate of insurancedocument issued by insurers confirming that a particular consignment is held covered by their company, and giving the name of their agent to contact at destination
Certificate of origindocument certified by Chambers of Commerce confirming the origin of goods, and required in some instances by Customs Authorities for clearance
Certificate of short-landingdocument which must be issued by carriers or their agents when they fail to deliver a consignment of which a valid bill of lading has been issued
Charter-partycontract of hire of a vessel or part of a vessel
Cleansaid of a bill of lading without reservation
Clearto clear: process through customs
Closing datedate limit by which goods can be delivered for loading into a named vessel
Commodity rateor “corate” special low rates applicable in airfreight traffic for certain categories of supplies and between designated airports or origin and destination
Consigneethe receiver of a consignment
Consignment notea certain amount of cargo, defined by one transport document where its weight, size, number of parcels or appearance are stated
Consignorthe sender of a consignment
Consolidationthe assembling of several loads originating from several sources for joint dispatch
Consolidatorthe firm, normally forwarding agent, running a consolidation service
Consular invoiceinvoice which are prepared on special forms provided by consulates, and which have to be authorized by the importing country’s consulate in the exporter’s country and required by some countries for customs clearance
Containermetallic box, of steel or aluminum, with double doors at one end, more and more in use on sea-routes, for easier handling and safe transportation of cargo
Crateopen case made of planks assembled, nailed and strapped which show contents or their inner packing, as opposed to a close case
Cubic footunit of volume, often used to express freight rate i.e. $… per 40’, meaning $… per 40 cubic feet, equivalent to 1.13 cubic meters
Cubic meterunit of volume for freight rates i.e. $… per m3
CAFsurcharge calculated at a percentage of the basic ocean freight, to take into account fluctuations of currencies for rates expressed in US$ (it can be a negative adjustment)
Dangerous goodsgoods, which, because of their nature, are classified as hazardous and admitted for transportation on special terms and regulations; see also IMO (formally IMCO) code and RAG
Deckunder deck cargo means goods stowed inside the holds of a vessel; on deck cargo means goods stowed above the holds “on deck”, on the vessel, mostly because of their hazardous nature; on deck cargo will be the first to be jettisoned in case of emergency; deck goods are always carried without any acceptance of responsibility by the carrier
Delivery notedocuments used by cartage contractors or carriers to be signed by consignee as receipts for the goods, and on which reservations must be stated if consignments are not in order
Delivery ordervoucher issued by carriers or agents against surrenders of Bs/L, enabling consignees to obtain delivery of their cargo; also document establishing the transfer of cargo from one party to another
Demurragerent in railway sheds; penalty for keeping containers longer than allowed; penalty for immobilization of a vessel longer than allowed for loading/unloading and payable by owners of the goods
Destuffingin container traffic: emptying of the container
Door-to-doorthrough service from origin to consignee, as can best be operated by containers or road
FCLfull container load
Feeder servicedelivery or collection services to/from ports of call of large ocean vessels, and arranged on smaller local vessels, barges, rail or road, from/to various places of origin/destinations which could not be served by the larger vessels
FIATAInternational Federation of Freight Forwarders Association
FIATA B/Lvalid B/L established by a forwarder belonging to the above association
Floating policyalso called open policy, open marine policy: insurance contract of a permanent nature between insurer and insured
Forwarding agentor forwarders – intermediary between suppliers, buyers and carriers, who arrange pre-transportation, shipping and issue of documentation in accordance with instructions from their principals
Harbour duestaxes levied for using port facilities
Haulageroad transportation
Heavy lift chargesadditional charges for moving, loading or unloading pieces above a certain weight limit per unit; these charges vary according to the port equipment and facilities
IATAInternational Air Transportation Association
IMO (previously IMCO)International Maritime Organization. Code: IMO publications whereby dangerous goods are classified into several categories according to their hazards (corrosive, inflammable, explosive, poisonous, etc), and editing compulsory rules and regulations adopted by most trading countries, for their packing, markings, conditions of acceptance and carriage
Incotermsinternational commercial terms
Joint-cargo consolidated cargo
Lay-day

time allowed for unloading/loading of a vessel

time allowed for unloading/loading of a vessel
LCLless than container load
Legalized invoiceinvoice prepared on seller’s own letter headed forms, but to be legalized by a consulate, when such is required for customs clearance in some countries
Letter of creditor L/C, in short, document issued by a bank, acting as an intermediary between buyer and seller
Legalized invoiceinvoice prepared on seller’s own letter headed forms, but to be legalized by a consulate, when such is required for customs clearance in some countries
Letter of creditor L/C, in short, document issued by a bank, acting as an intermediary between buyer and seller
Lighterbarge placed alongside vessels on which cargo is unloaded/loaded, when this cannot be done at a wharf/quay; used also in feeder services
Lighteragethe fee charged for carrying goods in ships constructed to carry special barges
Lift-vanlarge case, comparable to metallic container, but made of wood, and mainly used for removal of furniture
Manifestlist of the consignments place on board an aircraft or vessel
Markingssymbols, letters and figures, stenciled on cases/packages and serving as identification of consignments
Minimum freightminimum amount charged by carrier and per B/L in case of transportation of small consignment
Negotiabledescribe a document which is a title of value or property, such as an original B/L, and which can be transferred to somebody by endorsement
Non-negotiableeither duplicate of a negotiable document (n/n copy of B/L), or document which is not a title of property (an air waybill is not a negotiable document)
Notify addressin a B/L or AWB, name and address of a party, not designated as consignee or beneficiary, but to whom a notification of arrival of the goods is to be sent by the carrier’s agent at destination.
Notify addressin a B/L or AWB, name and address of a party, not designated as consignee or beneficiary, but to whom a notification of arrival of the goods is to be sent by the carrier’s agent at destination.
On board B/Lmention that may appear on Bs/L, as a confirmation that goods are effectively loaded
Palletrobust, wooden floor, on wood blocks, allowing handling by fork-lift trucks, on which goods, presented in standard packs, can be easily transported
Payloadtotal weight of the cargo that can be placed in a rail or road truck, or in a plane (also volume acceptable)
Reeferrefrigerated container
Restricted cargohazardous goods, or goods classified as such, admitted for carriage under special rules and regulation
Right of recourseright of claiming compensation against party at fault; consignees must preserve the right of recourse of their underwriters by sending registered claim letter to faulty carriers
Skidspecial frame, usually metallic, to permit handling, lifting, stowing, etc. of pieces of odd shape or size, and generally heavy
Storagewarehousing; cargo remaining in sheds, warehouses, etc. pending departure, transhipment, collection, is in storage
Stowagemeans storage in ships’ holds or in containers
Stuffingloading in containers
Subrogationtransmission of rights of claim and recovery to another party
Survey reportdetailed report prepared by an insurance agent describing the damages suffered by goods, the possible cause of discrepancies, with all relevant shipping information, to enable insurers to give consideration to the case; expensive document not to be requested for minor claims
Tackleship’s own gear to load/unload cargo.
Tallyclerks persons checking the conformity of packages and cargo with the description given on documents
Through B/LB/L covering a carriage between two designated places but involving a transshipment or a transfer during the course of the journey
Through ratelump sum for the carriage charges relating to consignments travelling on through Bs/L
Transshipmenttransfer, in a convenient port from one ship to another when the first carr ying vessel does not call at the port of destination
Underdecksee: deck; storage space below the vessel’s deck where cargo is stowed in the holds; carriers are responsible for cargo shipped under deck, whilst they reject all liability for cargo shipped on deck 
Warehouseshed or storehouse where cargo is kept pending dispatch or retrieval
Bonded warehousewarehouse under customs control where cargo in transit is kept or where cargo is kept pending customs clearance
Waybillconsignment note; generally speaking, document covering dispatch of goodson measurement,at ship’s option
Wharfquay alongside which vessels berth
W/Mmeans weight/measurement; basis of calculation of ocean freight charges, either on weight or

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