20’ Dry Van

Description Imperial Metric
Maximum payload 62390 lb 28300 kg
Dimensions 20′ x 8′ x 8’6″ 6058 x 2438 x 2591 mm
Volume 1170 cu. ft 33,2 cu. m
Door openings width 7′ 8 1/8″ 2340 mm
Door openings height 7′ 5 3/4″ 2280 mm
Internal length 19′ 4 1/4″ 5898 mm
Internal width 7′ 8 5/8″ 2352 mm
Internal height 7′ 5 3/4″ 2393 mm
Weight gross 67200 lb 30480 kg
Weight tare 4810 lb 2180 kg

40’ High Cube

Description Imperial Metric
Maximum payload 63250 lb 28690 kg
Dimensions 40′ x 8′ x 9’6″ 12192 x 2438 x 2896 mm
Volume 2700 cu. ft 76,4 cu. m
Door openings width 7′ 8 1/8″ 2340 mm
Door openings height 8’5 3/4″ 2585 mm
Internal length 39′ 5 2/3″ 12032 mm
Internal, width 7’8 5/8″ 2352 mm
Internal height 8′ 10 1/4″ 2698 mm
Weight gross 71650 lb 32500 kg
Weight tare 8400 lb 3810 kg

 

40’ Dry Van

Description Imperial Metric
Maximum payload 63650 lb 28870 kg
Dimensions 20’ x 8’ x 8’6″ 12192 x 2438 x 2591 mm
Volume 2390 cu. ft 67,7 cu. m
Door openings width 7′ 8 1/8″ 2340 mm
Door openings height 7′ 5 3/4″ 2280 mm
Internal length 39′ 5 11/16″ 12032 mm
Internal, width 7’8 – 5/8″ 2352 mm
Internal height 7′ 10 3/16″ 2393 mm
Weight gross 71650 lb 32500 kg
Weight tare 8000 lb 3630 kg

45’ High Cube

Description Imperial Metric
Maximum payload 60957 lb 27650 kg
Dimensions 45′ x 8′ x 9’6″ 13716 x 2438 x 2896 mm
Volume 3040 cu. ft 86 cu. m
Door openings width 7′ 8 1/8″ 2340 mm
Door openings height 8′ 5 3/4″ 2585 mm
Internal length 44′ 5 11/16″ 13556 mm
Internal, width 7′ 8 1/2″ 2352 mm
Internal, height 8′ 10 1/8″ 2698 mm
Weight gross 71650 lb 32500 kg
Weight tare 10692 lb 4850 kg

 

Which are the most common shipping terms?

Air waybill consignment note covering the carriage of goods by airfreight.
Alongside vessel delivery of cargo on the wharf, berth or lighter under the ship’s tackle, for direct loading into the ship.
Berth at a quay or wharf, location where a ship is moored to unload/load cargo
Bill of lading (B/L) title of property of the goods, it is the authentic receipt delivered by carriers for the said goods shipped/to be shipped on a named vessel
BAF surcharge calculated at a percentage of the basic ocean freight, to take into account the fluctuations of the price of fuel, adapted as needed
Certificate of insurance document issued by insurers confirming that a particular consignment is held covered by their company, and giving the name of their agent to contact at destination
Certificate of origin document certified by Chambers of Commerce confirming the origin of goods, and required in some instances by Customs Authorities for clearance
Certificate of short-landing document which must be issued by carriers or their agents when they fail to deliver a consignment of which a valid bill of lading has been issued
Charter-party contract of hire of a vessel or part of a vessel
Clean said of a bill of lading without reservation
Clear to clear: process through customs
Closing date date limit by which goods can be delivered for loading into a named vessel
Commodity rate or “corate” special low rates applicable in airfreight traffic for certain categories of supplies and between designated airports or origin and destination
Consignee the receiver of a consignment
Consignment note a certain amount of cargo, defined by one transport document where its weight, size, number of parcels or appearance are stated
Consignor the sender of a consignment
Consolidation the assembling of several loads originating from several sources for joint dispatch
Consolidator the firm, normally forwarding agent, running a consolidation service
Consular invoice invoice which are prepared on special forms provided by consulates, and which have to be authorized by the importing country’s consulate in the exporter’s country and required by some countries for customs clearance
Container metallic box, of steel or aluminum, with double doors at one end, more and more in use on sea-routes, for easier handling and safe transportation of cargo
Crate open case made of planks assembled, nailed and strapped which show contents or their inner packing, as opposed to a close case
Cubic foot unit of volume, often used to express freight rate i.e. $… per 40’, meaning $… per 40 cubic feet, equivalent to 1.13 cubic meters
Cubic meter unit of volume for freight rates i.e. $… per m3
CAF surcharge calculated at a percentage of the basic ocean freight, to take into account fluctuations of currencies for rates expressed in US$ (it can be a negative adjustment)
Dangerous goods goods, which, because of their nature, are classified as hazardous and admitted for transportation on special terms and regulations; see also IMO (formally IMCO) code and RAG
Deck under deck cargo means goods stowed inside the holds of a vessel; on deck cargo means goods stowed above the holds “on deck”, on the vessel, mostly because of their hazardous nature; on deck cargo will be the first to be jettisoned in case of emergency; deck goods are always carried without any acceptance of responsibility by the carrier
Delivery note documents used by cartage contractors or carriers to be signed by consignee as receipts for the goods, and on which reservations must be stated if consignments are not in order
Delivery order voucher issued by carriers or agents against surrenders of Bs/L, enabling consignees to obtain delivery of their cargo; also document establishing the transfer of cargo from one party to another
Demurrage rent in railway sheds; penalty for keeping containers longer than allowed; penalty for immobilization of a vessel longer than allowed for loading/unloading and payable by owners of the goods
Destuffing in container traffic: emptying of the container
Door-to-door through service from origin to consignee, as can best be operated by containers or road
FCL full container load
Feeder service delivery or collection services to/from ports of call of large ocean vessels, and arranged on smaller local vessels, barges, rail or road, from/to various places of origin/destinations which could not be served by the larger vessels
FIATA International Federation of Freight Forwarders Association
FIATA B/L valid B/L established by a forwarder belonging to the above association
Floating policy also called open policy, open marine policy: insurance contract of a permanent nature between insurer and insured
Forwarding agent or forwarders – intermediary between suppliers, buyers and carriers, who arrange pre-transportation, shipping and issue of documentation in accordance with instructions from their principals
Harbour dues taxes levied for using port facilities
Haulage road transportation
Heavy lift charges additional charges for moving, loading or unloading pieces above a certain weight limit per unit; these charges vary according to the port equipment and facilities
IATA International Air Transportation Association
IMO (previously IMCO) International Maritime Organization. Code: IMO publications whereby dangerous goods are classified into several categories according to their hazards (corrosive, inflammable, explosive, poisonous, etc), and editing compulsory rules and regulations adopted by most trading countries, for their packing, markings, conditions of acceptance and carriage
Incoterms international commercial terms
Joint-cargo consolidated cargo
Lay-day

time allowed for unloading/loading of a vessel

time allowed for unloading/loading of a vessel
LCL less than container load
Legalized invoice invoice prepared on seller’s own letter headed forms, but to be legalized by a consulate, when such is required for customs clearance in some countries
Letter of credit or L/C, in short, document issued by a bank, acting as an intermediary between buyer and seller
Legalized invoice invoice prepared on seller’s own letter headed forms, but to be legalized by a consulate, when such is required for customs clearance in some countries
Letter of credit or L/C, in short, document issued by a bank, acting as an intermediary between buyer and seller
Lighter barge placed alongside vessels on which cargo is unloaded/loaded, when this cannot be done at a wharf/quay; used also in feeder services
Lighterage the fee charged for carrying goods in ships constructed to carry special barges
Lift-van large case, comparable to metallic container, but made of wood, and mainly used for removal of furniture
Manifest list of the consignments place on board an aircraft or vessel
Markings symbols, letters and figures, stenciled on cases/packages and serving as identification of consignments
Minimum freight minimum amount charged by carrier and per B/L in case of transportation of small consignment
Negotiable describe a document which is a title of value or property, such as an original B/L, and which can be transferred to somebody by endorsement
Non-negotiable either duplicate of a negotiable document (n/n copy of B/L), or document which is not a title of property (an air waybill is not a negotiable document)
Notify address in a B/L or AWB, name and address of a party, not designated as consignee or beneficiary, but to whom a notification of arrival of the goods is to be sent by the carrier’s agent at destination.
Notify address in a B/L or AWB, name and address of a party, not designated as consignee or beneficiary, but to whom a notification of arrival of the goods is to be sent by the carrier’s agent at destination.
On board B/L mention that may appear on Bs/L, as a confirmation that goods are effectively loaded
Pallet robust, wooden floor, on wood blocks, allowing handling by fork-lift trucks, on which goods, presented in standard packs, can be easily transported
Payload total weight of the cargo that can be placed in a rail or road truck, or in a plane (also volume acceptable)
Reefer refrigerated container
Restricted cargo hazardous goods, or goods classified as such, admitted for carriage under special rules and regulation
Right of recourse right of claiming compensation against party at fault; consignees must preserve the right of recourse of their underwriters by sending registered claim letter to faulty carriers
Skid special frame, usually metallic, to permit handling, lifting, stowing, etc. of pieces of odd shape or size, and generally heavy
Storage warehousing; cargo remaining in sheds, warehouses, etc. pending departure, transhipment, collection, is in storage
Stowage means storage in ships’ holds or in containers
Stuffing loading in containers
Subrogation transmission of rights of claim and recovery to another party
Survey report detailed report prepared by an insurance agent describing the damages suffered by goods, the possible cause of discrepancies, with all relevant shipping information, to enable insurers to give consideration to the case; expensive document not to be requested for minor claims
Tackle ship’s own gear to load/unload cargo.
Tally clerks persons checking the conformity of packages and cargo with the description given on documents
Through B/L B/L covering a carriage between two designated places but involving a transshipment or a transfer during the course of the journey
Through rate lump sum for the carriage charges relating to consignments travelling on through Bs/L
Transshipment transfer, in a convenient port from one ship to another when the first carr ying vessel does not call at the port of destination
Underdeck see: deck; storage space below the vessel’s deck where cargo is stowed in the holds; carriers are responsible for cargo shipped under deck, whilst they reject all liability for cargo shipped on deck 
Warehouse shed or storehouse where cargo is kept pending dispatch or retrieval
Bonded warehouse warehouse under customs control where cargo in transit is kept or where cargo is kept pending customs clearance
Waybill consignment note; generally speaking, document covering dispatch of goodson measurement,at ship’s option
Wharf quay alongside which vessels berth
W/M means weight/measurement; basis of calculation of ocean freight charges, either on weight or

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